Frozen shoulder is the term used to describe a condition where the shoulder joint capsule becomes thickened and contracts (shrinks). When the capsule shrinks the glenohumeral joint does not move as easily and gradually more and more motion is lost until the shoulder becomes “frozen” and does not move any more.
What Causes Frozen Shoulder?
- Familial association
- Neuropathic Mechanisms: Suprascapular nerve compression
- Secondary Cause: esp. mellitus, pulmonary TB, thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, post MI patients, cardiac surgery, Parkinson’s disease
- Immobilization: Frozen shoulder occurs with increased frequency in post MI or stroke patient
The following conventional treatments should be done by according to how much pain relief & improvement in shoulder function they produce:
– A program of stretching and strengthening exercises.
– Ice therapy.
– Anti-inflammatory or pain medications.
– Active release therapy.
– Cortisone injections.
Doctors and physical therapists (physiotherapy) who deal with people who have frozen shoulders can help outline a conservative treatment program.